It takes skill to build a high-paying career and when we talk about a high-paying job we cannot miss talking about Full Stack Development. Encompassing huge opportunities, Full Stack Development demands versatility of skills. If you have the right skills and the right tech stack, you can become a viable part of this ever-growing industry. So let’s talk about the Top 10 Skills to Become a Full Stack Developer.
A Full Stack developer is an architect of the development process managing both the frontend (the user interaction side of the app) and backend (the core or the server-side) of the web app development process. It is a multi-talented job role and has emerged as the first choice of many companies that demand exceptionally talented professionals for their brand.
In this article, we will explore the top 10 skills that you must have to enlist yourself working for the top industry as a Full Stack Developer.
1. HTML and CSS
HTML and CSS aka Hypertext Markup Language and Cascading Style Sheet, are the foundational building blocks of computer languages. They are considered the fundamental component of the web and are used for front-end development.
HTML is used for developing the structure of the web application and adding the content while CSS is used for designing and styling. These two decide how the web application looks and feels. This plays a major role in attracting visitors. Full Stack Developers should be well versed with HTML and should be able to describe the structure of the web pages. They should be capable of efficiently using CSS for the presentation of the HTML components. They must have command over these two languages for creating instinctive, interactive, engaging, and attractive front-end of the web application.
It is in fact, the most commonly used programming language, and about 63% of the software engineers use it as per the Hired’s State of Software Engineer report 2020.
This is an object-oriented scripting language that includes numerous features and functions like higher-order event delegation and closure, prototypes, etc. It is used to write both front-end codes and back-end code for servers.
3. Backend technologies and frameworks
Full Stack Developers are responsible for both front-end and back-end development which means that they must possess in-depth knowledge of multiple technologies. Even though back-end development is totally a different ball game, there is a number of languages that make it easy to work on the back-end side of the web application. As a Full Stack Developer, you must know these languages.
- Java: The multi-purpose programming language which has a wide range of frameworks that makes back-end development simple.
- PHP: This is an open-source cross-platform programming language and is one of the most popular choices for back-end web app development.
- Python: Python has syntax similar to English and is very easy to learn because of the same. It is a high-level programming language that comes with an assortment of libraries and frameworks.
- Ruby: This is another high-level programming language that supports multiple programming paradigms like object-oriented, procedural and functional programming and superb documentation and dependencies.
Apart from these other back-end programming languages that a Full Stack Developer can learn are C#, C++, SQL, etc.
4. Designing Skills
Having knowledge of basic designing skills is another must-have skill for a Full Stack Developer. This is crucial for making the application look clean, consistent, polished, and in harmony with the brand of the company. Full Stack Developers are required to create user-friendly unique designs for the brand. They should be able to bring client’s ideas to life using scalability, prototypes, user interface, and user experience design concepts. The design also comes with a lot of copyright issues. Thus a Full Stack developer should also be aware of and should obey the copyright laws.
5. Database and web storage
Data storage solutions are another component that a Full Stack Developer should be very well familiar with. Developers are required to pay attention to memory storage and databases as these are required for meeting the content needs and for storing content and web posts. They should be well equipped with the knowledge of how to link the database with the backend, its safety, and security.
6. Web Architecture
Full Stack Developers must understand the complexities of software development including structure code, storing and separating files, structure the data in the database, along with computational tasks of client and server-side, etc. These skills are gained best through hands-on training by working in real-time.
8. HTTP and REST
HyperText Transfer Protocol (HTTP) and Representational State Transfer (REST) are essential to have as a skill for Full Stack Developers. They both serve unique purposes. HTTP facilitates communication between server and client and REST interfaces with the front-end and back-end using HTTP protocols for gathering and perform different operations. REST acts as a translator between the front-end and back-end.
9. Git and GitHub
Git is an open-source distributed version control system that helps in cataloging and organizing the development process. It is a repository for web-based ideas that can be put to code. It is fast, promises speed, and helps in seamlessly managing the changes made to the application, websites, codes, documents, and other information.
Github offers developers worldwide to build a profile holding their small and large-scale projects, allowing developers to collaborate on projects. Mastering Git is very useful for a Full Stack Developer as it helps to communicate better and improve the productivity of the project.
10. Soft Skills
Technical skills are a must for every Full Stack Developer which is obvious but having excellent soft skills goes a long way. Companies appreciate team members who can manage time, accept criticism, is disciplined, and can self-direct work. Employers look for
- A person with a creative mind and vision
- A good analytical mind
- Somebody always curious to learn
- Someone who pays attention to details
- Someone who is patient and disciplined
Full Stack Developers are highly skilled software developers who can handle multiple facets of the development process. Mastering these skills distinguishes them from others which is why taking a Full Stack Development course helps in honing these skills at the earliest and with an abundance of exposure to real-time projects.
How does a Full Stack Course help?
- A course provides a comprehensive understanding and a structured learning environment
- One-to-one mentorship from experts
- Developing soft skills
- Assistance in preparing for job interviews
- Exposure to the latest programming languages and tools
- Real-time project management
Where you can get these Skills?
You can check Geekster’s Full Stack Development programs that are designed keeping in mind both amateurs and professionals. The demand for Full Stack Developers is positioned to grow over the decade which is why Full Stack Development is the best course to pursue in 2021 and gain a technical edge in the field of software development.
Ans – A Full Stack Developer works on both the front and backend of the web app development, handling the entire development process of the web app. They also get higher salaries in comparison to other software developers.
Ans – You can join a Full Stack Development program at a reputed academy like Geekster to learn frontend and backend programming and get mentoring from industry experts.
Ans – A Full Stack Developer can earn between 5 lakh per annum to 14 lakh per annum depending on the type of expertise one has.
Ans – A frontend developer only managed the frontend development i.e. the client-side of the app and a backend developer only works on the server-side of the web app development. A full-stack developer works on both the front and backend of the web app.